Height: 25-30 inches
Weight: 110-200 lbs.
Life Span: 8-10 yrs.
Breed Group: Guardian Dogs
Well-bred, trained Saint Bernards are gentle and affectionate, but unruly
or disobedient ones can be dangerous. They must be socialized and enrolled
in obedience classes early.
They are good with children if introduced to them early and usually get
along with other animals, although males may try to dominate. Their great
size and ominous bark deter intruders. Avoid aggressive games. Some Saint
Bernards are heavy droolers.
The shorthaired Saint Bernard has a short, dense coat; the longhaired is
longer and slightly wavy. Coat color is red and white and brindle with white
markings. Dark shadings on the face and ears are common.
Grooming & Exercise Needs
Both varieties need brushing once a week. Getting them to exercise is sometimes
This breed is probably descended from Roman Molossians of the 2nd century A.D. In the 17th century, monks of the Hospice of Saint Bernard
in the Swiss Alps kept Saint Bernards as guards and mountain guides and
to find lost travelers. These dogs also showed an uncanny ability to detect
It is especially important to obtain a Saint Bernard from a reputable breeder.
This breed is not suitable for inexperienced dog owners.
Breed-related health concerns: hip and elbow dysplasia, lymphoma,
osteochondritis dissecans, osteosarcoma, bloat, epilepsy, hemophilia (a
bleeding disorder), cardiomyopathy, eye problems.
Reference: AKC - American Kennel Club